Archaeological Evidence For Melchizedek’s House of God

King Melchizedek Blessed Abraham With Bread and Wine

Sometime around 1900 BC, Abraham was blessed with bread and wine by a holy priest and king named Melchizedek (Gen. 14:17-18). Later in about 1800 BC, Abraham’s grandson, Jacob, found an “awesome place” where he heard an incredible message from God. Jacob called that place the gate of heaven and the “House of God” (Gen. 28:17). In response to God’s wonderful message, Jacob set up a certain stone for a pillar where he poured oil on it (Gen. 28:18). The location of the stone that Jacob set up as a pillar was called God’s House (Gen. 28:22). Jacob also named that place Bethel (Gen. 28:19).

In the following 11-minute video, an archaeologist from Galilee named Eli Shukron presents a specific standing stone that he believes to be dated to the time of Abraham and Melchizedek the priest. Also in the video is Christian apologist, Frank Turek. Shukron escavated the City of David from 1995-2013. The standing stone that was discovered by Eli could very well be the actual stone that was used by Melchizedek in Melchizedek’s House of God. Shukron says the standing stone that he discovered is in an ancient worshipping area where animals were once skinned. Shukron escavated the area near Jerusalem and determined that the holy site was buried during the eighth century BC, or possibly when King Hezekiah was the king of Judah, when the king commanded the Israelites to worship at Solomon’s new temple (aka the First Temple from about 1000 BC). Shukron goes on to call his discovery of Melchizedek’s temple the “Zero Temple,” because after all, if Solomon’s temple is already called the “first” temple, then what should Melchizedek’s temple be called other than the Zero Temple?

Note: All dates are approximates for the sake of order and discussion.

In the artwork above, King/Priest Melchizedek is blessing Abraham with bread and wine.

Archaeological Evidence For the Priestly Benediction


Archaeologists found two ancient objects with the priestly benediction (priestly blessing) inscribed on them. Two silver amulets, ancient objects dated to about the 600s BC, were found with engravings of the blessing. The priestly benediction is known to have come from Moses who blessed his people (Numbers 6:22-26) as he was commanded by the LORD (YHWH).

When the people of Israel were wandering in the wilderness, the LORD (YHWH) spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, Thus you shall bless the people of Israel: you shall say to them… ‘The LORD (YHWH) bless you and keep you; the LORD (YHWH) make his face to shine upon you and be gracious to you; the LORD (YHWH) lift up his countenance upon you and give you peace'” (Numbers 6:22-26).

Artwork Home In the Wilderness by John Denison Crocker, 1853

Today, you can find a number of jewelers who sell silver necklaces with Numbers 6:24-26 engraved on one side. Some of these necklaces have the original Hebrew inscription on the back side. The silver amulet was traditionally worn around the neck by priests.

Other items of gold and silver were presented at the new Tabernacle (Tent of Meeting) as offerings to be used during the services such as twelve silver plates, twelve silver basins, twelve golden dishes, and a golden lamp stand whose pattern was shown by the LORD to Moses (Numbers 7).

The discovery of the silver amulet is one of the earliest objects found with the divine name, YHWH, inscribed on it. The divine name has a mysterious pronunciation that some claim to know how it is properly pronounced. In the Old Testament, we commonly see the word LORD (all caps) used instead of YHWH, mainly for the sake of not mispronouncing it.

In the 4-minute Ketef Hinnom video below, the discovery of two silver amulets are presented, giving credit to the people who found them in 1979 in a location south of Jerusalem. The speaker pointed to a verse in Jeremiah 17 in order to know that the engraver probably used an iron stylist with a diamond point to engrave the words on silver. Like other archaeologists, he dated the silver amulet to before the Babylonian captivity, during the time of Jeremiah, and four hundred years before the Dead Sea Scrolls. He goes on to say that the words on the silver amulet are exactly what we have today – without any error. Finally, the video ends with him confronting those (liberal scholars) who follow the failed Wellhausen Hypothesis (aka Documentary Hypothesis), affirming that those today, usually liberal scholars, who follow Wellhausen’s hypothesis are doing so by blind faith (not evidence). He described Wellhausen followers as those who “have made fools out of themselves as they try to deny the word of God.” For more information on why the Wellhausen Hypothesis fails, please read my article, 4 Ways To Respond to Wellhausen Problems and Astruc Cuttings.

Archaeological Evidence For the Book of Numbers


Deir Alla Inscription

Here is a piece of archaeological evidence in support of the book of Numbers in the Old Testament. It was written in Aramaic, referring to the false prophet, Balaam, mentioned in the book of Numbers, chapters 22-24. This inscription is dated to about 800 BC.

Inscription Translation:

Balaam is visited at night by gods sent to communicate to him a message from El, the high god. It is a message of doom, and Balaam is so distressed that he weeps and fasts for two days. Convening his intimates, Balaam discloses to them what has been revealed to him in the vision. A council of inimical gods, opposing El, has commanded the goddess Shagar-and-Ishtar, a Venus figure of light and fertility, to sew up the heavens producing darkness, and never to speak again. Celestial darkness will cause frenzy on earth, with birds of prey shrieking. Balaam interprets the vision to refer to an impending disaster in the land. Grazing land will be lost to wild beasts, and the flocks will be scattered. At this point, it becomes less clear what is happening. As interpreted here, the text relates that Balaam undertook the rescue of the goddess from the edict of the council of inimical gods, in accordance with the will of El who had forewarned him. Shagar-and-Ishtar is brought to various magical practitioners and oracles, as Balaam issues admonitions to her adversaries and dispatches powerful agents against them. The adversaries of Shagar-and-Ishtar suffer distress for all to see.

Monumental Inscriptions from the Biblical World, Context of Scripture,  William W. Hallo, volume II, 2.27, 2000 AD