What are cherubim? Where do cherubim appear in the Bible? What do they do?
(Genesis 3:22-24, Ezekiel 1 & 10, Exodus 25:22, Revelation 4:6-8)
I. What are cherubim?
Cherubim is plural for cherub, one kind of good angelic beings. The word angel comes from the Greek word, angelos, meaning divine messenger.
In Ezekiel chapter one, Ezekiel describes an incredible vision of four living creatures. These creatures are one kind of special angelic beings of high rank called cherubim (Ezekiel 10:20). The cherubim in Ezekiel were made by God (Psalm 148:2-5, Colossians 1:16). They obey Him. They are closest to God along with seraphim and others.
Each cherub is human-like, but has 4-6 wings, four faces (human, eagle, ox, and a lion), human hands, straight legs, feet of hooves, two wheels turning crosswise within, and covered with eyes (Ezekiel 1 & 10, Revelation 4:6-8).
II. Where do cherubim appear in the Bible?
1.) Garden of Eden – Cherubim blocked the entrance, keeping everyone from the tree of life after Adam and Eve disobeyed (Gen. 3:22-24).
2.) Wilderness between Egypt and the Promised Land – Moses was given instructions to place two gold cherubim over the mercy seat in the most holy room of the portable Tabernacle. (Exodus 26:1, 25:22).
3.) Kebar River, Babylon (BC 590 circa)- Ezekiel saw a vision of four cherubim (Ezekiel 1:4-28, 10:1-22).
4.) Patmos Island, Aegean Sea, Greece – John saw a vision of cherubim (Rev. 4:6-8).
III. What do cherubim do? On four distinct occasions in the written Word of God, we become familiar with the duties of cherubim.
1.) They guard the tree of life. They protect the righteousness of God (Gen. 3:22-24).
2.) They hover over the mercy of God at the place of communicating to a human. In the most holy room, the Lord would meet the priest and give His commands under the cherubim (Exodus 26:1, 25:22).
3.) They praise the Lord in heaven and on earth (Job 38:7, Psalm 103:20, Luke 2:13-14).
4.) They serve to help bring God’s message to humans. Be careful when you draw near to God that you do not fall (1 Cor. 10:12).
5.) They signify the movement of God’s presence to any location. (Ezekiel 10:9-19). God is on the move!
6.) They represent divine knowledge. God sees all. He knows all (Ezekiel 10:12).
7.) They are ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation (Heb. 1:14).
Dear Lord, Thank you for winning the battle of good and evil through the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Help us take comfort in this realization. Thank you for numerous angels who help us in our need. Thank you for the angelic example of praise and service to You. As we draw near to You, help us be careful to not fall. Thank you for loving us! In Jesus name, Amen.